Dhul Hijjah is the final month of the Islamic calendar. Hazrat Abu Sa’eed Khudri (RA) relates that Rasool Allah (SAW) said: “The month of all the months is Ramadan and the month with the most honors is Dhul-Hijjah.
The month gets its name from the fact that the blessed pilgrimage of Hajj occurs in this month and because the Hijjah (Islamic word for year) ends with this month as well. The fifth pillar of Islam, Hajj, is performed in this sacred month.
Significance of First 10 Days of Dhul Hijjah
Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Quran: Wal Fajar. Wa Layaalin ‘ashr. Suratul Fajr, Verses 1 and 2 translation: By the dawn; By the ten nights (i.e. the first ten days of the month of Dhul-Hîjjah).
Hazrat Abu Huraira (RA) narrates that Rasoolullah (sallahu alayhi wassalaam) said:
“On no days is the worship of Allah desired more than in the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. The fast of each of these days is equal to the fast of a whole year, and the Ibaadat of each of these nights is equal to the Ibaadat of Laylatul Qadr.”(Tirmidhi and Ibn-e- Maajah)
Day of Arafat (9th Day of Dhul Hijjah)
Sayyiduna Qatada (radhiyallahu anhu) reports from Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wassalaam):
“A person that fasts on the Day of Arafat, Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) says he has great hope that this would be a compensation for the person’s past and future sins.” (Muslim)
By past and future sins are meant minor sins. Therefore, it is extremely important that one fast on this day.
Rasoolullah (sallahu alayhi wasallam) has said: “The most acceptable dua is that which is made on the day of Arafat, and the best dua which the Prophets before me and I have said is:
لا الہ الا اللہ وحدہ لا شریک لہ لہ الملک و لہ الحمد و ہو علی کل شئی قدیر
Increase the Rememberance (Zikr) of Allah (SWT) During First 10 days of Dhul Hijjah
Sayyidina Ibn Abbas (radhiyallahu anhu) relates fromRasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam):
There are no greater days of Ibaadat and actions besides the 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah according to Allah Ta’ala. Therefore engage yourself during these days with remembering Allah by doing
tasbeeh, tahleel, takbeer and tahmeed.
So increase the recitation of these 4 things:
Tasbeeh: سبحان اللہ Tahleel: لا إله إلا الله Takbeer: الله أكبر Tahmeed: الحمد لله
The Days of Tashreek
9th of Dhul Hijjah (Fajr time) until 13th of Dhul Hijjah (Asr time)
اللھ اکبراللھ اکبر لا الھ الا اللھ و اللھ اکبر اللھ اکبر و للھ الحمد
The above takbeer is known as Takbiraat of Tashreek.
It is waajib for every adult Muslim (male and female) to recite the Takbiraaat of Tashreek after every fardh salaah during this period. Males should recite it loudly and females should recite it softly.
Sunnats of Eid-ul-Adha
• Wake up earlier than usual
• Brush the teeth with miswaak
• Have a Ghusal (bath)
• Be well dressed in an Islamic manner
• Dress in one’s best clothes, not necessarily new
• Use Itr
• Avoid eating before Eid Salaat — it is best on Eid ul Adha that the first thing eaten should be the animal that that person has slaughtered. However, if slaughtering is not being done at home, then one should just wait until after the Eid Salaah to eat anything in order to get the reward of the Sunnah Insha Allah.
• Perform Eid Salaat at the Eidgaah (men)
• Go to the place of Salaat early
• Walk to the place of Eid salaat (if possible)
• Recite the Takbeeraat (of Tashreeq) aloud on the way to the place of Eid Salaat
• Use different routes to and from the place of Eid Salaat
~*~*~ On a side note we would like to add that once the moon is sighted for the month of Dhul Hijjah until the sacrifice is done of the animal (whether that be on the 10th, 11th or 12th) it is MAKROOH for the one on whom it is obligatory to sacrifice an animal to either cut nails or hair — by any means. So girls this means manicures, pedicures, waxing, shaving, plucking etc. And for the men it includes cutting nails, shaving etc. It comes in a Hadith of Saheeh Muslim narrated by Umme Salmah (RA) that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) has said: “When the 1st – 10th days of Dhul Hijjah start, one who intends to offer a sacrifice (of an animal) should not have his/ her hair/ nails trimmed until he/ she has offered his/ her sacrifice”…
And Allah knows best! ~*~*~